Difference Between ARC Welding & GAS Welding 电弧焊与气焊的不同点

I am going to tell you about difference between arc welding and gas welding. These are the two main types of welding used in different joining process. These joining processes are used in joining same or different metal by application of heat. We can differentiate these in following aspect.
我将向你讲述电弧焊和气焊之间的区别。它们是在不同连接工艺中使用的两种主要焊接类型。这些连接工艺通过加热来连接相同或不同的金属。我们可以在以下方面区分这些。

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1 ARC Welding 电弧焊

Arc welding is a welding process that is used to join metal to metal by using electricity to create enough heat to melt metal, and the melted metals when cool result in a binding of the metals. It is a type of welding that uses a welding power supply to create an electric arc between a metal stick ("electrode") and the base material to melt the metals at the point of contact. Arc welders can use either direct (DC) or alternating (AC) current, and consumable or non-consumable electrodes.
电弧焊是一种利用电产生足够的热量使金属熔化,从而将金属与金属连接起来的焊接工艺。当金属冷却时,熔化的金属会使金属凝固。它利用焊接电源在金属棒(“电极”)和基体材料之间产生电弧,在接触点熔化金属。弧焊机可以使用直流或交流电流,以及消耗或非消耗电极。

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2 GAS Welding 气焊

Gas welding is a most important type of welding process. It is done by burning of fuel gases with the help of oxygen which forms a concentrated flame of high temperature. This flame directly strikes the weld area and melts the weld surface and filler material. The melted part of welding plates diffused in one another and create a weld joint after cooling. This welding method can be used to join most of common metals used in daily life.
气焊是一种重要的焊接工艺。它是通过燃烧燃料气体和氧气的帮助下,形成一个集中的火焰高温。这种火焰直接撞击焊接区域,熔化焊接表面和填充材料。焊接板的熔化部分相互扩散,冷却后形成焊接接头。这种焊接方法可以用来连接日常生活中使用的大多数普通金属。

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3 ARC & GAS Difference 电弧焊与气焊不同点

ARC WELDING
电弧焊
GAS WELDING
气焊
1. In the arc welding, electricity is used to generate heat
在电弧焊中,电被用来产生热量
1. In gas welding, fuel gases like acetylene, hydrogen are used to generate heat
在气焊接中,使用诸如乙炔,氢气的燃料气体来产生热量
2. This welding generates higher temperature than gas welding. The temperature is about 6000℃
这种焊接产生的温度高于气焊。温度约为6000℃
2. This welding generates lower temperature than arc welding. The temperature is about 3600℃
这种焊接产生的温度低于电弧焊。温度约为3600℃
3. This welding generates stronger joint compare to gas welding
与气体焊接相比,这种焊接产生更强的连接
3. It gives weaker joint
它产生较弱的连接
4. It gives poor surface finish
它表面光洁度差
4. This welding gives good surface finish
这种焊接提供良好的表面光洁度
5. In ARC welding consumable electrode is used
在电弧焊中使用自耗电极
5. In GAS welding non consumable electrode is used
在气体焊接中使用非自耗电极
6. The electrode is combined with the filler metal
电极与填充金属结合
6. A filler rod is used separately if required
如果需要,可单独使用填充棒
7. It can be used in welding alone
它可以单独用于焊接
7. It can be used in welding, brazing and soldering
它可用于焊接,钎焊和焊接
8. There is risk of explosion due to high voltage
高电压会有爆炸的危险
8. There is risk of explosion due to high pressure
由于高气压会有爆炸的危险
9. It is mostly used to joint similar material
它主要用于连接同类材料
9. It is mostly use to join both similar and different metals
它主要用于连接相似和不同的金属
10. The heat is concentrate in arc welding
热量集中在电弧焊中
10. The heat is distributing according to the flame. There is higher loss of energyd
热量根据火焰分布。 能量损失更高
11. It is more efficient
效率更高
11. It is less efficient
效率较低
12. Speed of welding is high
焊接速度很快
12. Speed of welding is low
焊接速度较慢
13. The initial cost of arc welding is high
电弧焊的初始成本很高
13. The setup cost of gas welding is low
气焊的初始成本很低
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